Anthony Braxton 1969-1970



Generated on Sun, Jan 07, 2007


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Date: June 27-29, 1969
Location: Premier Festival de Free Jazz et de Nouvelle Musique, American Center, Paris, France
Label: [no known recording]

The Art Ensemble Of Chicago (ldr), Anthony Braxton, Joseph Jarman, Roscoe Mitchell (ww), Lester Bowie (t), Malachi Favors (b), Steve McCall (per)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

In the Spring of 1969, Claude Delcloo, a French drummer and Actuel-BYG producer, invited the AACM to bring their music to Europe. Braxton, Leo Smith and Leroy Jenkins all wanted to make the trip, but were "beaten to the draw" by Mitchell, Jarman, Bowie and Favors, who left on May 28, 1969 and came to be known as the "Art Ensemble of Chicago." Lewis, "The AACM in Paris," in Renaissance Noire 108.

Braxton arrived in mid-June. While riding from the train station in a taxi, he saw drummer Steve McCall on the street, and arranged to stay with McCall. Braxton and McCall both played a concert with the Art Ensemble musicians at the American Center festival. On one set Braxton did a duo with Joseph Jarman. According to HW, Braxton played sax and accordion. [ref. Allessandrini, "Jazz on the Grass," Jazz Magazine (Sep. 1969).]

"One of the high points for me was a concert that the Art Ensemble with Anthony Braxton and Steve McCall did at the American Center of Paris one beautiful summer day. The concert took place both inside and outside, and Braxton painted his face like Malachi and I!" Jarman, Mixtery 25.


Date: July 8, 1969
Location: Studio Andre van de Water, Nederhost den Berg, Netherlands
Label: Birth

Gunter Hampel (ldr), Willem Breuker (bcl, ss, as, ts), Gunter Hampel (bcl, vib, p), Anthony Braxton (cbc, ss, as), Arjen Gorter (b, eb), Steve McCall (d, per), Jeanne Lee (v)

a.a-01We Move - 08:15  (Gunter Hampel)
     Birth LP 12": NJ 001 - The 8th Of July 1969 (1969)
     Birth CD: 001 - The 8th Of July 1969 (1992)
b.a-02Morning Song - 18:30  (Gunter Hampel)
     Birth LP 12": NJ 001 - The 8th Of July 1969 (1969)
     Birth CD: 001 - The 8th Of July 1969 (1992)
c.b-01Crepuscule - 25:25  (Gunter Hampel)
     Birth LP 12": NJ 001 - The 8th Of July 1969 (1969)
     Birth CD: 001 - The 8th Of July 1969 (1992)
d.b-02The 8th Of July 1969 - 00:32  (Gunter Hampel)
     Birth LP 12": NJ 001 - The 8th Of July 1969 (1969)
     Birth CD: 001 - The 8th Of July 1969 (1992)
e.We Move - 06:21  (Gunter Hampel)
     Birth CD: 001 - The 8th Of July 1969 (1992)
f.Gib Mir Noch Ein Spiegelei Mit Schinken - 01:15  (Willem Breuker, Evan Parker)

Omit Willem Breuker (bcl) on a, d, e. Gunter Hampel (bcl) on b, c only. Anthony Braxton (cbc) on c, f only. Anthony Braxton (ss) on c only. Willem Breuker (ss) on b only. Omit Anthony Braxton (as) on c, d, f. Willem Breuker (as) on a, e only. Willem Breuker (ts) on c only. Omit Gunter Hampel (vib) on a, e. Omit Gunter Hampel (p) on c, d, f. Omit Arjen Gorter (b) on a, d, e. Arjen Gorter (eb) on a, e only. Omit Steve McCall (d) on b, d, f. Steve McCall (per) on f only. Omit Jeanne Lee (v) on b, d.

Unidentified slide whistle on c. perhaps by McCall.


Date: July 10, 1969
Location: Paris, France
Label: byg

Jacques Coursil (ldr), Anthony Braxton (cbc, ss), Arthur Jones (as), Jacques Coursil (t), Burton Greene (p), Beb Guerin (b), Claude Decloo (d), Leroy Jenkins (vn)

a.Black Suite - 31:00  (Jacques Coursil)
     America LP 12": 30 AM 6111 - Black Suite
     byg LP 12": 529 349 [Actuel 49] - Black Suite

a. split across A & B sides of LP issues.

Some sources give date as June 10, 1969 but Braxton was not in Europe at that time.


Date: July 19, 1969
Location: Théâtre de Lucernaire, Paris, France
Label: [no known recording]

The Art Ensemble Of Chicago (ldr), Joseph Jarman, Roscoe Mitchell (ww), Anthony Braxton (as), Lester Bowie (t), Malachi Favors (b)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Miscellaneous instruments for all AEOC players. HW 55 [ref. Caux, "Le Jazz au Lucernaire," Jazz Hot (Sep. 1969)].


Date: August 8, 1969
Location: Théâtre de Lucernaire, Paris, France
Label: [no known recording]

Anthony Braxton (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Leo Smith (t), Leroy Jenkins (vn)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

HW 55 [ref "Chicago au Rue d'Odessa," Jazz Magazine (Sep. 1969)]. Smith played a concert in Chicago on June 28, 1969, and moved to Paris soon after. [db 7/24/69]


Date: Summer 1969
Location: Festival d'Avignon, Avignon, France
Label: [no known recording]

Anthony Braxton (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

HW 55 - no additional details.


Date: August 17, 1969
Location: Saravah Studios, Paris, France
Label: byg

Alan Silva (ldr), Anthony Braxton (ss, as), Archie Shepp (ss), Kenneth Terroade (ts), Bernard Vitet (t, fh), Grachan Moncur III (tb), Dave Burrell (p), Malachi Favors, Beb Guerin (b), Claude Delcloo (d), Leroy Jenkins (vn, vl), Alan Silva (vn)

a.The Luna Surface - 28:17  (Alan Silva)
     byg LP 12": 529 312 [Actuel 12] - Luna Surface
b.We Was There  (Alan Silva)

Group known as the Celestrial Communications Orchestra.

Confirmation needed on composer of b.

a. split across sides A & B of LP issue.


Date: September 10, 1969
Location: Saravah Studios, Paris, France
Label: byg

Anthony Braxton (ldr), Anthony Braxton (f, wf, cl, cbc, ss, as), Leroy Jenkins (h, mo, vn, vl), Leo Smith (t, fh), Steve McCall (d, per)

a.The Light on the Dalta - 10:06  (Leo Smith)
b.Simple Like - 09:26  (Leroy Jenkins)
c.Composition 6G - 19:40  (Anthony Braxton)
All titles on: -     byg LP 12": 529 315 [Actuel 15] - Anthony Braxton

Anthony Braxton (f) on a only. Anthony Braxton (wf) on a only. Omit Leroy Jenkins (h) on b. Omit Leroy Jenkins (mo) on b. Anthony Braxton (cl) on a only. Anthony Braxton (cbc) on b only. Anthony Braxton (ss) on c only. Omit Anthony Braxton (as) on b. Leroy Jenkins (vn) on c only. Leroy Jenkins (vl) on b only.

Smith also plays logs on b. On c., add Braxton (toy piano, sound machine, chimes, balloons); Smith (balloons); Jenkins (balloons); McCall (darbouka, balloons).


Date: September 20, 1969
Location: Salle de la Mutualité , Paris, France
Label: [no known recording]

Anthony Braxton (ldr), Anthony Braxton (ww), Leo Smith (t), Steve McCall (d), Leroy Jenkins (vn)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

The performance was set at a dinner table and the musicians ate while performing. The dinner/chicken concert may have featured in some other concerts during this European stay. "Sponsored by Le Jazz Hot, the concert gained valuable advance publicity, including a full page ad in the magazine's September issue." Radano 145. Ornette Coleman and pianist Francois Tusques also played sets. HW 56 [ref. Cressant, "Ornette Coleman," Jazz Hot (Oct. 1969); Carles, "O.C. et la centrifugueuse," Jazz Magazine (Oct. 1969)].


Date: October 25, 1969
Location: Paris, France
Label: [private recording]

Anthony Braxton (ldr), Anthony Braxton (f, cl, as, cbs), Leo Smith (t), Steve McCall (d), Leroy Jenkins (vn)

a.[unknown title] - 20:15  (Composer Unknown)

There are a number of additional "little instruments" including bells, chimes, bicycle horn, toy flute, possibly toy piano, whistle, and woodblock. The private recording reportedly came from a reel-to-reel tape bearing the info Paris, October 25, 1969. The sound is good enough that this could be a radio broadcast, and this may be a recording from Amougies on October 26, but there is no significant crowd noise.


Date: October 26, 1969
Location: Festival Actuel, Amougies, Belgium
Label: [private recording]

Anthony Braxton (ldr), Anthony Braxton (ww), Leo Smith (t), Steve McCall (d), Leroy Jenkins (vn)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

HW 56 [ref Michel, "Amougies Free," Actuel (Dec. 1969)]. Le Festival Actuel was organized by BYG Actuel and Le Fondation Ricard, and lasted from October 24 to 28. The organizers could not get permits to hold the festival in Paris and moved it to Amougies. The festival included "pop music" (represented among others by Frank Zappa, who emceed and jammed) and free jazz. An informative blog on the festival (with a rock bent) is http://globalia.net/donlope/fz/videography/Music_Power.html

There are one or two 1970 documentaries on Amougies, although there is no report that Braxton is included. Amougies [Music Power]/European Music Revolution (1970, USA), directed by Jérôme Lapperousaz & Jean-Noël Roy. Some parts of the festival were broadcast on radio. In a 1989 interview, Zappa indicates that he took part in a jam with Archie Shepp, Philly Joe Jones and "some other jazz guys that played." Since Shepp played on October 26, the same night as Braxton, and Braxton recorded with Shepp and Jones two months later, it is quite possible that Braxton was part of the Amougies jam with Shepp (in which case apparently Braxton and Zappa may have jammed together).


Date: late 1969?
Location: France
Label: [private recording]

Anthony Braxton (cl), Lester Bowie (t)

a.[unknown title]  (Composer Unknown)

"Borsalino," a 1970 gangster film starring Alain Delon and Jean-Paul Belmondo, directed by Jacques Delray (Not to be confused with the sequel, "Borsalino & Co.").

The last scene takes place in a posh hotel bar. A "hot jazz" band is playing. In the band are Anthony Braxton, Lester Bowie, and other musicians playing guitar, trombone, piano, and bass (probably Malachi Favors). They are included in several long and medium shots. The music, however, is overdubbed, consisting of a synthesized Claude Bolling soundtrack.


Date: December 11, 1969
Location: Paris, France
Label: America

Archie Shepp (ldr), L. T. 'Chicago Beau' Beauchamp (h, ss, v), Julio Finn (h, v), Anthony Braxton (ss, as), Archie Shepp (ts), Earl Freeman (b, v), Philly Joe Jones (d), Leroy Jenkins (vn)

a.a-01The Lowlands - 18:33  (L. T. Beauchamp [aka Chicago Beau])
b.b-01Howling In The Silence - 21:40  (Julio Finn)
Both titles on: -     America LP 12": 30 AM 6102 - Archie Shepp & Philly Joe Jones

Omit Anthony Braxton (as) on a. Omit Earl Freeman (b) on b. Omit L. T. 'Chicago Beau' Beauchamp (v) on b. Omit Julio Finn (v) on a. Omit Earl Freeman (v) on a.


Date: January 1970
Location: Paris, France
Label: byg

Anthony Braxton (ldr), Anthony Braxton (f, cl, cbc, ss, as, spk), Leroy Jenkins (h, mo, vn, vl), Leo Smith (t, fh, per), Steve McCall (d, per)

a.a-01Composition 6H - 13:06  (Anthony Braxton)
b.a-02Composition 8K - 05:42  (Anthony Braxton)
c.b-01Composition 6F - 02:23  (Anthony Braxton)
d.b-02Composition 6F - 00:05  (Anthony Braxton)
e.b-03Composition 6F - 00:20  (Anthony Braxton)
f.b-04Composition 6F - 02:04  (Anthony Braxton)
g.b-05Composition 6F - 01:05  (Anthony Braxton)
h.b-06Composition 6F - 01:59  (Anthony Braxton)
i.b-07Improvisation - 03:58  (collective improvisation)
j.b-08Improvisation - 04:19  (collective improvisation)
k.b-09This Time - 01:41  (Anthony Braxton)
All titles on: -     byg LP 12": 529 347 [Actuel 47] - This Time....

Anthony Braxton (f) on g, i only. Leroy Jenkins (h) on a, i only. Leroy Jenkins (mo) on a only. Omit Anthony Braxton (cl) on b, g, j, k. Anthony Braxton (cbc) on a only. Anthony Braxton (ss) on a, j only. Anthony Braxton (as) on b, j only. Leo Smith (t) on a, i, j only. Omit Leo Smith (fh) on a, b, i, j, k. Steve McCall (d) on a, h, i only. Steve McCall (per) on a, d, h, i, j only. Leo Smith (per) on a, i only. Leroy Jenkins (vn) on a, i, j only. Omit Leroy Jenkins (vl) on a, b, i, j, k. Anthony Braxton (spk) on k only.

a. listed as "Composition No. 1"

Add Braxton (chimes and tapes) on a.

The breakdown given is according to FM.

c.-h. listed as "Small Composition No. 1 to 4"are actually various takes (including false starts) of Composition No. 6F in trio and quartet versions.

i. listed as "Small Composition No. 5" is a collective studio improvisation (the "sound machine" is a cassette deck playing tapes made at a party).

j. listed as "In the Street" is a free improvisation outdoors with street noises.


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